Food Intolerance VS Food Allergy

Posted on January 15, 2016 by in Info

The main reason for Petit Lapin’s existence is to allow people with food intolerances or allergies to enjoy sweets without any worries

But do you know the difference between a food intolerance and a food allergy?

A food intolerance is described as a bad reaction to food that does not affect the immune system. Simply put, your body is not capable of digesting a certain type of food or ingredient because the necessary enzyme is absent or inactive. Since the digestive system is affected in most cases, the main symptoms of food intolerances (such as lactose or gluten intolerances) are gas, bloating, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea.

A food allergy is very different. It manifests itself when the immune system reacts to a certain type of food that is considered dangerous by fighting it. The first time a person allergic to a specific food faces the trigger or allergen, his body starts a defense mechanism and creates antibodies (specialized proteins) called immunoglobulin E (IgE). When the allergen is reintroduced, the body releases these IgE antibodies and other chemicals (including histamine) to defend itself against what is perceived as a threat; this is how an allergic reaction starts. Symptoms can fluctuate in severity, going from hives to tingling in the throat to asthma or, more importantly, to a severe form of allergic reaction called anaphylaxis that can endanger a person’s life.

Because food intolerances bring, most of the time, only minor digestive problems, it is very important to differentiate it from a food allergy which requires a strict diet and lifestyle to prevent severe reactions that have the potential of being deadly.

Whether it is an intolerance or a food allergy, be reassured that Petit Lapin takes the manner very seriously and makes sure that you can always enjoy its special treats safely!

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Credit photo Ⓒ Monique Simone Photography

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